In 1988, the United States ratified the “United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods” (the “International UCC”) and virtually all leading trading nations have adopted that law. The International UCC preempts the Uniform Commercial Code used by all states in the United States (“U.S. UCC”) unless parties to the contract clearly opt out of the International UCC.  Without that opt out, every sale of goods between a U.S. company and non-U.S. company is governed by the International UCC. (more…)